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Football Rules

Laws of the Game 2022/23 and their historical development

The IFAB has announced the presumed changes in the Laws of the Game 2022/23, which still have to be confirmed by the General Assembly. Their meeting, originally scheduled for the beginning of March, was postponed indefinitely due to the war in Ukraine. The proposed amendments of the ABM (a meeting with all secretaries of the […]

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All Modern Football

Modern Football in Germany (pt. 1)

“Modern football” is a buzzword. A buzzword with predominantly negative connotations in times of wobbling 50+1, increasing commercialisation, fragmented match days, etc. But was football old before? Antique? Of course not. Etymologically, modern means nothing other than “fashionable/according to today’s fashion”. Synonyms are adjectives such as current, new, contemporary and also mean progressive and something […]

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All Football Rules

Football Offside: When was the offside rule introduced?

Football offside – the history started in the public schools of England in the 19th century, when football was a mix of rugby and soccer. The public schools attended by the sons of the gentlemen took advantage of the football game, among other things, to stay fit in the cooler months. But each of them […]

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All Football Rules

What you didn’t know about substitutions in football (pt. 2)

This is the second part of a thorough overview of the development of substitutions in football. Read the part 1 here. No time to read? No problem, here is already a dr;tl. See also: All changes of Law 11. Let’s go: Substitutions independent of an injury In 1965 there was another innovation in football substitutions, which […]

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All Football Rules

What you didn’t know about substitutions in Football (pt. 1)

This is the first part of a thorough overview of the development of substitutions in football. Read the part 2 here. No time to read? No problem, here is already a dr;tl. See also: All changes of Law 11. Substitutions in Football in the 19th century: Emergency! In the second half of the 19th century, football […]

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All Football Rules

Laws of the Game: ALL changes in football rules

Football and its Laws of the Game change every year – not just since the founding of The IFAB in 1886, but even before. The changes in the football rules condition the game (as with the offside rule in 1866 and 1925) or the game conditions a change in the Laws of the Game (as […]

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All In a nutshell

Thoughts about the handball

The pure facts about the handball can be found here. (First comes the unfair game, then the handball). The question of what and why in handball is actually very philosophical. I have still not managed to write it down comprehensively, but also concisely and understandably. Even if I only outline it now, it will be […]

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All Female Referees in Men‘s Football

Female Referees in Men’s Football

There are always more female football referees in men’s games, but only the names of a few are known. In 2021, I tried to collect as many of them as possible so that we can call them by name. There are of course differences in the national men’s leagues and international competitions. In some, many […]

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All Modern Football

The European Super League: History does not repeat itself, it rhymes

A one-man show in football, but one that collapses just as quickly as it started. What fits the 60-hour European Super League is nothing new, but an old pattern. This is also the case one year later. In football, too, nothing is eaten as hot as it is cooked. Neither in 2021 the European Super […]

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All Modern Football

Simon Rosenberger

Throughout his life, Simon Rosenberger was one of the best-known people in German football and in many ways a man of the first hour. Simon Rosenberger (1885-1931) was a football fan with heart and soul and a pioneer in German refereeing during the Weimar Republic. He was a referee with heart and soul and in […]